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Focus Areas (Practices)
Democratic Governance | Inclusive Growth and Poverty Reduction | Environment and Energy | Crisis Prevention and Recovery | Capacity Development | HIV, Health and Development | Human Development Reports | Knowledge Service | Gender | Management Services
Democratic governance is central to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG), as it provides the ‘enabling environment’ for the realization of the MDG and, in particular, the elimination of poverty. The critical importance of democratic governance in the context of development was highlighted at the Millennium Summit of 2000, where the world's leaders resolved to "spare no effort to promote democracy and strengthen the rule of law, as well as respect for all internationally recognized human rights and fundamental freedoms, including the right to development." World leaders recognized that improving the quality of democratic institutions and processes, and managing the changing roles of the state and civil society in an increasingly globalized world are pre-requisites to efforts to reduce poverty, sustain the environment, and promote human development.
The United Nations Development Programme’s (UNDP) Asia-Pacific Regional Centre (APRC) supports democratic governance reforms, innovations and solutions at national and regional levels, promoting rights-based approaches to development and supporting programmes and development interventions aimed at enhancing people’s choices and increasing their access to political, economic, and social opportunities and advancement. APRC’s Democratic Governance Practice, comprised of a team of about a dozen governance specialists, provides technical, policy advisory and capacity building support to UNDP Country Offices and National/Local Counterparts in 37 countries in the Asia-Pacific region.
The Asia Regional Governance Programme (ARGP) implements programmes and funds development activities to foster inclusive participation and mainstream international principles, through: Electoral Cycle Support; Decentralization and Local Governance; Anti-Corruption; Access to Justice, Human Rights and Legal Empowerment, and Development Effectiveness and Governance of Climate Finance.
For more information on the ARGP and its activities, please call: +66 2 304-9100 ext. 2704 and 2721.
The overarching objective of the work of UNDP APRC’s Inclusive Growth and Poverty Reduction (IGPR) Team is to sustain and accelerate progress on MDG in Asia and Pacific, ensuring that growth is inclusive, sustainable and equitable.
Three pillars of work of the Inclusive Growth and Poverty Reduction are:
Achieving long-term environmental sustainability with continued economic growth and human well-being remains one of the biggest challenges facing the Asia-Pacific region. Countries in the region recognize that deteriorating land, water and air quality, and the loss of ecosystems and their services, undermine socioeconomic development. It is also realized that climate change is exacerbating these problems: for example; increased thermal stress, more severe and frequent droughts, storms and floods, sea-level rise and accompanied coastal inundation and salt water intrusion, all increasing the vulnerabilities of people and their livelihoods. Furthermore, dependency on fossil fuels for energy services and the management of chemical pose particular challenges in the region.
The Environment and Energy practice in Asia and the Pacific works with the vision to effectively assist countries to preserve and sustainably use local and global environmental assets for achieving sustainable development outcomes. We deliver our work through the UNDP country offices supported by a regional team of technical experts and advisers. We facilitate access to environmental funding sources, assist in preparing and implementing projects, support policy dialogues, disseminate best practices, and share knowledge. Our work is responsive to national priorities and is based on UNDP’s mandate to build national capacity for human development.
For more information go to the Climate, Environment and Energy web pages.
The Asia-Pacific region has seen tremendous amount of economic progress and most countries are well on track to achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDG). But the frequency and intensity of crisis situations in many countries threaten these gains, especially in developing and least developed countries. The region is highly prone to natural disasters and experiences a disproportionate share of loss of life and impact on socio-economic activities. Vulnerability to natural hazards in the region is on a rapid rise, with more than 50 major disasters, of both geological and climatological origin affecting millions of people since the Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004. With eight of the record warmest years (1880-2008) happening in the past ten years, it is widely believed that climate change will affect the frequency and severity of extreme events in the region.
The region is also very diverse - ethnically, culturally and linguistically. And often these diversities are seen to manifest themselves in ethnic hostility, communal violence and small and large scale conflicts (both internal as well as across countries). The potential threat of conflicts spilling across national boundaries creates the need for regional conflict resolution and peace building mechanisms to ensure long-term peace and stability as the foundation for regional progress.
The interplay between conflict and natural disasters adds further complexity to recovery and burdens national resources, with negative cumulative effects on poorer communities. In such settings, the vulnerabilities and exclusion faced by women and girls are further exacerbated. Manifestations of such inequality are often cited in high levels of gender-based violence, limited access to decision making processes, and negative impacts on their ability to prepare for, cope with and recover from a crisis.
For APRC response see:
Cap2015 Asia provides a regional platform for partnering and sharing experience in addressing cross-cutting aspects around capacity development and sustainability.
UNDP works to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS and reduce its impact. As a trusted development partner, and co-sponsor of UNAIDS, it helps countries put HIV/AIDS at the centre of national development and poverty reduction strategies; build national capacity to mobilize all levels of government and civil society for a coordinated and effective response to the epidemic; and protect the rights of people living with AIDS, women, and vulnerable populations. Because HIV/AIDS is a world-wide problem, UNDP supports these national efforts by offering knowledge, resources and best practices from around the world.
The Asia-Pacific Regional Human Development Initiative puts people at the centre of development. Human Development Reports are flagship products and key advocacy tools for the idea that development is more than about economic growth. APRI also supports Country Offices in preparing National Human Development Reports.
A new approach to KM that focuses on knowledge sharing will increase collaboration between practices and between countries, and allow for new partnerships. This will strengthen our ability to influence positive change.
The Asia-Pacific Gender Mainstreaming Programme (APGMP) supports efforts to mainstream gender equality into national policies and programmes, to allow wider choices for both women and men, and equal opportunities by women and men to make those choices.
The Regional Centre helps UNDP Country Offices become even more effective partners with support and advice on:
UNDP Regional Centers
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